What are the basic tools for rug making?
There are Persian rugs, oriental rugs and Turkish rugs. All of these rugs are made in different regions of the world and follow different lines of formation. Each region of the world has its own identity and culture along with history that influence design, making and size of the rug. Keeping this in mind we can well understand why there are various types of tools used in rug making. Although now majority of rugs are made up with the help of big and advanced machines there is still huge demand of handmade rugs.
May be the formation, structure and designs of rugs vary with varied region; basic tools used in making of the rugs are same. Following is given names, description and work of each tool.
A knife used as a tool in rug making is one of the most essential tools in all kinds of handmade rugs. Knife is used to cut the yarn while weaver is making knots of the rug. In some regions of the world knives are supplied with fine hooks. These fine hooks are used to make finest knots that human fingers alone are unable to do.
A pair of shears:
This tool is just like a comb in its structure. It is used to for trimming of the pile.
This comb and another comb like structure both are individually important .comb is used to remove the yawn by combing it out after completion of each knot, Whereas comb like instrument is used for packing yarn down the wefts. These both instruments help in tightening the yarn and giving finesse to the structure of a rug.
Although this name may sound bizarre in this list of equipments and tools, in some parts of the world water is used as a vital tool in rug making. In bijar they use water as a strengthening tool that bind all the knots with one another neatly and perfectly. In this technique they wet the weft, warp and yawn with water. This wetting is done throughout the weaving process. This technique makes the knot even and finer. They call this technique as wet loom technique.
This tool is a look alike of crochet hook set in a handle. It comes in different sizes size one is largest whereas size 10 is smallest. Large size is used for widest fabric and smaller size is used for narrower fabric.
These are not one tool instead it is a set of needles of different sizes all equipped with a gauge. This gauge is used to control length of the yarn loop left. This method is known as punch needle method. This method is used on yarn as well as on fabric. Loops of the fabric are either left as they are or are trimmed to give the rug its final shape. After cutting and trimming loops they control the gauge and give the rug required and desired shape.